Cybersecurity is a broad field, yet when many hear the word cybersecurity they typically think of viruses sent through email, or the endless cyberwar against foreign hackers. In fact, the field of cybersecurity is an evolving technological arena filled with all sorts of malicious attacks that can wreak havoc on a system. Becoming aware of just some of these security vulnerabilities is an integral step in working towards complete security of one’s infrastructure.
First on the list is injection vulnerabilities; these are what cybersecurity persons consider the one of most common security vulnerabilities. Injections directly attack the coding and structure of software applications, searching the actual makeup. This includes SQL, XML and even LDAP injections, all of which work by finding a hole in software to insert malicious coding for exploitation purposes. Some of the major consequences of injection vulnerability are data loss, corruption, and sensitive information exposure.
Outdated, or misconfigured software is an all too common reason that systems are hacked or infected in the first place. Since all systems require some form of software, not having security properly configured remains a dangerous situation or a system to be in. This can include operating systems and applications not having been updated recently, default accounts not being disabled, and weakly built passwords with minimal password rules. Taking steps to remove common access points and routinely updating passwords is a simple yet effective way of minimising vulnerability.
Lack of encryption measures plays an important part in data exposure and loss, and remains a principal reason most systems are intercepted at some point in time. Even if encryption methods are established, choosing weak key generation and algorithms for the sake of speed and budget can result in paying the high price of sensitive data. Adopting the latest encryption standards couples with as large of a key size as the network can handle will diminish data exposure. For mobile and cloud solutions, encryption must be considered due to the inherent vulnerable nature of these types of data platforms. As more information is put out there on the Internet through third party services, finding out what encryption standards these services use can make selecting a secure option easier.
Everyone is aware of viruses, malware, and worms. These are mostly caught by firewall and anti-virus software, but remain one of the largest ways a system can be infected. A user can mistakenly open an unsafe email, or enter their login credentials into a spoofed site, there are many possibilities. The best option is to remain vigilant, encouraging security awareness when browsing the Internet and conducting work on a private network.
Many of these vulnerabilities can be controlled with some simple solutions: observance and effective implementation of security procedures. Being aware of what is out there and waiting can propel a lot of cybersecurity into a business that was previously lacking. From establishing password complexity, to knowing what the latest malware attacks are is all part of the grand field that is cybersecurity and its vulnerabilities.